This paper presents the design and development of a new type of piezoelectric-driven robot, which consists of a piezoelectric unimorph actuator integrated as part of the structure of a four-bar linkage to generate locomotion. The unimorph actuator replaces the input link of the four-bar linkage, and motion is generated at the coupler link due to the actuator deflection. A dimensional synthesis approach is proposed for the design of four-bar linkage that amplifies the small displacement of the piezoelectric actuator at the coupler link. The robot consists of two such piezo-driven four-bar linkages, and its gait cycle is described. The robot's speed is derived through kinematic modeling and experimentally verified using a fabricated prototype. The robot prototype's performance in terms of its payload capability and nominal operating power is also characterized experimentally. These results will be important for developing a motion planning control strategy for a autonomous robot locomotion, which will be part of future work.
Design, Analysis, and Characterization of a Two-Legged Miniature Robot With Piezoelectric-Driven Four-Bar Linkage
Manuscript received September 14, 2017; final manuscript received December 4, 2017; published online February 1, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Andrew P. Murray.
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Dharmawan, A. G., Hariri, H. H., Soh, G. S., Foong, S., and Wood, K. L. (February 1, 2018). "Design, Analysis, and Characterization of a Two-Legged Miniature Robot With Piezoelectric-Driven Four-Bar Linkage." ASME. J. Mechanisms Robotics. April 2018; 10(2): 021003. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4038970
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