Engineered products often have more social impacts than are realized. A product review was conducted to bring this to light. In this paper, we show the extent to which different social impacts in 11 impact categories are co-present in 150 products, and how this can help engineers and others during the product development process. Specifically, we show how social impact categories not previously considered can be identified. The product review resulted in 13,200 data points that were divided into two data sets, one with 8,800 data points from which a social impact probability table was created. The remaining 4,400 data points were then used to validate the table. All data points were then combined to create a final social impact probability table. This table provides insight for how various social impact categories correlate and can assist engineers in expanding their views to include additional social impact objectives and thus achieve a design with broader social impact or a design with minimized unwanted negative social impact. A simple method for predicting social impact is also created.
Analysis of Perceived Social Impacts of Existing Products Designed for the Developing World, with Implications for New Product Development
Contributed by the Design Theory and Methodology Committee of ASME for publication in the Journal of Mechanical Design. Manuscript received December 21, 2018; final manuscript received July 1, 2019; published online xx xx, xxxx. Assoc. Editor: Julie Linsey.
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Ottosson, H. J., Mattson, C. A., and Dahlin, E. C. (July 24, 2019). "Analysis of Perceived Social Impacts of Existing Products Designed for the Developing World, with Implications for New Product Development." ASME. J. Mech. Des. doi: https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4044323
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