Abstract

Short life cycle products are frequently replaced and discarded, even though they are resource-intensive products. Technological advances and rapid changes in demand have led manufacturers to develop their innovative next-generation products quickly, which not only enables multiple generations to coexist in the market but also speeds up the technological obsolescence of products. Diversity of collected end-of-life (EoL) and rapid technological obsolescence make the effective recovery of EoL products difficult. The low utilization rate of EoL products causes serious environmental problems such as e-waste and waste of natural resources. To deal with the conflict between the technical evolution of products and the promotion of social benefits in solving environmental problems, this paper focuses on the impact of generational commonality effects on the overall production process including manufacturing and remanufacturing. Generational commonality leads to an increase in the efficiency of manufacturing due to reducing related costs. Additionally, from the remanufacturing perspective, the interchangeability between generations can help collect the EoL products needed for remanufacturing. On the other hand, it causes a weakening of the level of performance and technology evolution between generations that significantly affect the demand for short life cycle products. Therefore, this study identifies these trade-offs of generational commonality levels in both manufacturing and remanufacturing based on a quantitative approach. This study finds how different pricing strategies, production plans, and recovery costs are based on the designs of a new generation with a different degree of generational commonality.

References

1.
Aydin
,
R.
,
Kwong
,
C.
,
Geda
,
M.
, and
Kremer
,
G. O.
,
2018
, “
Determining the Optimal Quantity and Quality Levels of Used Product Returns for Remanufacturing Under Multi-Period and Uncertain Quality of Returns
,”
Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol.
,
94
(
9–12
), pp.
4401
4414
. 10.1007/s00170-017-1141-0
2.
Zhou
,
L.
,
Gupta
,
S. M.
,
Kinoshita
,
Y.
, and
Yamada
,
T.
,
2017
, “
Pricing Decision Models for Remanufactured Short-Life Cycle Technology Products With Generation Consideration
,”
Procedia CIRP
,
61
, pp.
195
200
. 10.1016/j.procir.2016.11.208
3.
Kwak
,
M.
,
2018
, “
Optimal Line Design of New and Remanufactured Products: A Model for Maximum Profit and Market Share With Environmental Consideration
,”
Sustainability
,
10
(
11
), p.
4283
. 10.3390/su10114283
4.
Gray
,
C.
, and
Charter
,
M.
,
2008
, “
Remanufacturing and Product Design
,”
Int. J. Product Dev.
,
6
(
3–4
), pp.
375
392
. 10.1504/IJPD.2008.020406
5.
Sutherland
,
J. W.
,
Adler
,
D. P.
,
Haapala
,
K. R.
, and
Kumar
,
V.
,
2008
, “
A Comparison of Manufacturing and Remanufacturing Energy Intensities With Application to Diesel Engine Production
,”
CIRP Ann.
,
57
(
1
), pp.
5
8
. 10.1016/j.cirp.2008.03.004
6.
Kim
,
S.
, and
Moon
,
S. K.
,
2017
, “
Sustainable Product Family Configuration Based on a Platform Strategy
,”
J. Eng. Des.
,
28
(
10–12
), pp.
731
764
. 10.1080/09544828.2017.1393657
7.
Wang
,
W.
,
Mo
,
D. Y.
,
Wang
,
Y.
, and
Tseng
,
M. M.
,
2019
, “
Assessing the Cost Structure of Component Reuse in a Product Family for Remanufacturing
,”
J. Intell. Manuf.
,
30
(
2
), pp.
575
587
. 10.1007/s10845-016-1267-1
8.
Ijomah
,
W.
,
2002
, “
A Model-Based Definition of the Generic Remanufacturing Business Process
,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Plymouth.
9.
Thierry
,
M.
,
Salomon
,
M.
,
Van Nunen
,
J.
, and
Van Wassenhove
,
L.
,
1995
, “
Strategic Issues in Product Recovery Management
,”
California Manage. Rev.
,
37
(
2
), pp.
114
136
. 10.2307/41165792
10.
Kwak
,
M.
, and
Kim
,
H. M.
,
2011
, “
Assessing Product Family Design From an End-of-Life Perspective
,”
Eng. Optim.
,
43
(
3
), pp.
233
255
. 10.1080/0305215X.2010.482990
11.
Ma
,
J.
, and
Kremer
,
G. E. O.
,
2015
, “
A Fuzzy Logic-Based Approach to Determine Product Component End-of-Life Option From the Views of Sustainability and Designer’s Perception
,”
J. Cleaner Prod.
,
108
(
Part A
), pp.
289
300
. 10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.08.029
12.
Cong
,
L.
,
Zhao
,
F.
, and
Sutherland
,
J. W.
,
2017
, “
Integration of Dismantling Operations Into a Value Recovery Plan for Circular Economy
,”
J. Cleaner Prod.
,
149
, pp.
378
386
. 10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.02.115
13.
Kwak
,
M.
, and
Kim
,
H.
,
2017
, “
Green Profit Maximization Through Integrated Pricing and Production Planning for a Line of New and Remanufactured Products
,”
J. Cleaner Prod.
,
142
(
Part 4
), pp.
3454
3470
. 10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.10.121
14.
Zwolinski
,
P.
, and
Brissaud
,
D.
,
2008
, “
Remanufacturing Strategies to Support Product Design and Redesign
,”
J. Eng. Des.
,
19
(
4
), pp.
321
335
. 10.1080/09544820701435799
15.
Ijomah
,
W. L.
,
2009
, “
Addressing Decision Making for Remanufacturing Operations and Design-for-Remanufacture
,”
Int. J. Sustainable Eng.
,
2
(
2
), pp.
91
102
. 10.1080/19397030902953080
16.
Jayaraman
,
V.
,
Guide
,
V.
, Jr.
, and
Srivastava
,
R.
,
1999
, “
A Closed-Loop Logistics Model for Remanufacturing
,”
J. Oper. Res. Soc.
,
50
(
5
), pp.
497
508
. 10.1057/palgrave.jors.2600716
17.
Demirel
,
N. Ö.
, and
Gökçen
,
H.
,
2008
, “
A Mixed Integer Programming Model for Remanufacturing in Reverse Logistics Environment
,”
Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol.
,
39
(
11–12
), pp.
1197
1206
. 10.1007/s00170-007-1290-7
18.
Kim
,
K.
,
Song
,
I.
,
Kim
,
J.
, and
Jeong
,
B.
,
2006
, “
Supply Planning Model for Remanufacturing System in Reverse Logistics Environment
,”
Comput. Ind. Eng.
,
51
(
2
), pp.
279
287
. 10.1016/j.cie.2006.02.008
19.
Aydin
,
R.
,
Kwong
,
C.
, and
Ji
,
P.
,
2015
, “
A Novel Methodology for Simultaneous Consideration of Remanufactured and New Products in Product Line Design
,”
Int. J. Prod. Econ.
,
169
, pp.
127
140
. 10.1016/j.ijpe.2015.07.022
20.
Wang
,
W.
,
Wang
,
Y.
,
Mo
,
D.
, and
Tseng
,
M.
,
2017
, “
Component Reuse in Remanufacturing Across Multiple Product Generations
,”
Procedia CIRP
,
63
, pp.
704
708
. 10.1016/j.procir.2017.02.033
21.
Mugge
,
R.
,
Jockin
,
B.
, and
Bocken
,
N.
,
2017
, “
How to Sell Refurbished Smartphones? An Investigation of Different Customer Groups and Appropriate Incentives
,”
J. Cleaner Prod.
,
147
, pp.
284
296
. 10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.01.111
22.
Cui
,
L.
,
Wu
,
K.-J.
, and
Tseng
,
M.-L.
,
2017
, “
Selecting a Remanufacturing Quality Strategy Based on Consumer Preferences
,”
J. Cleaner Prod.
,
161
, pp.
1308
1316
. 10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.03.056
23.
Hamzaoui Essoussi
,
L.
, and
Linton
,
J. D.
,
2010
, “
New or Recycled Products: How Much are Consumers Willing to Pay?
,”
J. Consumer Marketing
,
27
(
5
), pp.
458
468
. 10.1108/07363761011063358
24.
Harms
,
R.
, and
Linton
,
J. D.
,
2016
, “
Willingness to Pay for Eco-Certified Refurbished Products: The Effects of Environmental Attitudes and Knowledge
,”
J. Ind. Ecol.
,
20
(
4
), pp.
893
904
. 10.1111/jiec.12301
25.
Hazen
,
B. T.
,
Overstreet
,
R. E.
,
Jones-Farmer
,
L. A.
, and
Field
,
H. S.
,
2012
, “
The Role of Ambiguity Tolerance in Consumer Perception of Remanufactured Products
,”
Int. J. Prod. Econ.
,
135
(
2
), pp.
781
790
. 10.1016/j.ijpe.2011.10.011
26.
Michaud
,
C.
, and
Llerena
,
D.
,
2011
, “
Green Consumer Behaviour: An Experimental Analysis of Willingness to Pay for Remanufactured Products
,”
Business Strategy Environ.
,
20
(
6
), pp.
408
420
.
27.
Abbey
,
J. D.
,
Blackburn
,
J. D.
, and
Guide
,
V. D. R.
, Jr.,
2015
, “
Optimal Pricing for New and Remanufactured Products
,”
J. Oper. Manage.
,
36
(
1
), pp.
130
146
. 10.1016/j.jom.2015.03.007
28.
Fisher
,
M.
,
Ramdas
,
K.
, and
Ulrich
,
K.
,
1999
, “
Component Sharing in the Management of Product Variety: A Study of Automotive Braking Systems
,”
Manage. Sci.
,
45
(
3
), pp.
297
315
. 10.1287/mnsc.45.3.297
29.
Simpson
,
T. W.
,
Maier
,
J. R.
, and
Mistree
,
F.
,
2001
, “
Product Platform Design: Method and Application
,”
Res. Eng. Des.
,
13
(
1
), pp.
2
22
. 10.1007/s001630100002
30.
Thevenot
,
H. J.
, and
Simpson
,
T. W.
,
2006
, “
Commonality Indices for Product Family Design: a Detailed Comparison
,”
J. Eng. Des.
,
17
(
2
), pp.
99
119
. 10.1080/09544820500275693
31.
Thevenot
,
H. J.
, and
Simpson
,
T. W.
,
2007
, “
A Comprehensive Metric for Evaluating Component Commonality in a Product Family
,”
J. Eng. Des.
,
18
(
6
), pp.
577
598
. 10.1080/09544820601020014
32.
Ma
,
J.
, and
Kremer
,
G. E. O.
,
2016
, “
A Sustainable Modular Product Design Approach With Key Components and Uncertain End-of-Life Strategy Consideration
,”
Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol.
,
85
(
1–4
), pp.
741
763
. 10.1007/s00170-015-7979-0
33.
Kim
,
S.
, and
Moon
,
S. K.
,
2019
, “
Eco-Modular Product Architecture Identification and Assessment for Product Recovery
,”
J. Intell. Manuf.
,
30
(
1
), pp.
383
403
. 10.1007/s10845-016-1253-7
34.
Subramanian
,
V. R.
,
Toktay
,
L. B.
, and
Ferguson
,
M.
,
2014
, “
Remanufacturing and the Component Commonality Decision
,”
Quality Control Appl. Stat.
,
59
(
1
), pp.
135
136
.
35.
Lambert
,
A. J.
,
2002
, “
Determining Optimum Disassembly Sequences in Electronic Equipment
,”
Comput. Ind. Eng.
,
43
(
3
), pp.
553
575
. 10.1016/S0360-8352(02)00125-0
36.
Kwak
,
M. J.
,
Hong
,
Y. S.
, and
Cho
,
N. W.
,
2009
, “
Eco-Architecture Analysis for End-of-Life Decision Making
,”
Int. J. Prod. Res.
,
47
(
22
), pp.
6233
6259
. 10.1080/00207540802175329
37.
Kim
,
J.
, and
Kim
,
H.
,
2019
, “
Impact of Generational Commonality of Short-Life Cycle Products in Manufacturing and Remanufacturing Processes
,”
Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED19)
,
Delft, The Netherlands
,
Aug. 5–8
, pp.
3331
3340
. http://dx.doi.org./10.1017/dsi.2019.340
38.
Cook
,
G.
, and
Jardim
,
E.
,
2017
, “
Guide to Greener Electronics
,” Greenpeace reports,
Greenpeace
,
Cambridge, MA
, May. See also URL www.greenpeace.org/usa/reports/greener-electronics-2017
39.
Han
,
X.
,
Shen
,
Y.
, and
Bian
,
Y.
,
2018
, “
Optimal Recovery Strategy of Manufacturers: Remanufacturing Products or Recycling Materials?
Ann. Oper. Res.
, pp.
1
27
. 10.1007/s10479-018-2929-5
40.
Klausner
,
M.
, and
Hendrickson
,
C. T.
,
2000
, “
Reverse-Logistics Strategy for Product Take-Back
,”
Interfaces
,
30
(
3
), pp.
156
165
. 10.1287/inte.30.3.156.11657
You do not currently have access to this content.