The challenge of finding alternative uses for retired wind-turbine blades, which have limited disposal options, motivates this work. Two reuse concept-generation activities (CGAs) conducted in German universities revealed difficulties with the parts' large scale and seeing beyond their original use. Existing methods, e.g., using functional analogy, are less applicable, since for safety reasons, these parts should not be reused to fulfill the same function. Therefore, this work explores the use of visual similarity to support reuse-concept generation. A method was developed that (1) finds visually similar images (VSIs) for wind-turbine-blade photos and (2) derives potential-reuse concepts based on objects that are visually similar to wind-turbine blades in these images. Comparing reuse concepts generated from the two methods, VSI produced fewer smaller-than-scale concepts than CGA. While other qualities such as feasibility depend on the specific photo selected, this work provides a new framework to exploit visual similarity to find alternative uses. As demonstrated for wind-turbine blades, this method aids in generating alternative-use concepts, especially for large-scale objects.

References

References
1.
Guilford
,
J. P.
,
1967
,
The Nature of Human Intelligence
,
McGraw-Hill
, New York.
2.
Pehlken
,
A.
,
2013
,
Sustainable Material Life Cycles—Is Wind Energy Really Sustainable?
,
A.
Pehlken
,
A.
Solsbach
, and
W.
Stenzel
, eds.,
BIS Verlag
,
Oldenburg, Germany
.
3.
Brøndsted
,
P.
,
Lilholt
,
H.
, and
Lystrup
,
A.
,
2005
, “
Composite Materials for Wind Power Turbine Blades
,”
Annu. Rev. Mater. Res.
,
35
(
1
), pp.
505
538
.
4.
Albers
,
H.
,
Greiner
,
S.
,
Kuehne
,
U.
, and
Seifert
,
H.
,
2009
, “
Recycling von Rotorblättern aus Windenergieanlagen—Fakt oder Fiktion
,”
DEWI-Magazin
,
34
, pp.
32
41
.
5.
Larsen
,
K.
,
2009
, “
Recycling Wind Turbine Blades
,”
Renewable Energy Focus
,
9
(
7
), pp.
70
73
.
6.
Schmidl
,
E.
, and
Hinrichs
,
S.
,
2010
, “
Geocycle Provides Sustainable Recycling of Rotor Blades in Cement Plant
,”
DEWI-Magazin
,
36
, pp.
6
14
.
7.
Beauson
,
J.
, and
Brøndsted
,
P.
,
2016
, “
Wind Turbine Blades: An End of Life Perspective
,”
MARE-WINT
(New Materials and Reliability in Offshore Wind Turbine Technology),
W.
Ostachowicz
,
M.
McGugan
,
J.
Schröder-Hinrichs
, and
M.
Luczak
, eds.,
Springer
,
Cham, Switzerland
, pp.
431
432
.
8.
McAdams
,
D.
, and
Wood
,
K.
,
2002
, “
A Quantitative Similarity Metric for Design by Analogy
,”
ASME J. Mech. Des.
,
124
(
2
), pp.
173
182
.
9.
Linsey
,
J. S.
,
Markman
,
A. B.
, and
Wood
,
K. L.
,
2012
, “
Design by Analogy: A Study of the WordTree Method for Problem Re-Representation
,”
ASME J. Mech. Des.
,
134
(
4
), p.
041009
.
10.
Fu
,
K.
,
Murphy
,
J.
,
Yang
,
M.
,
Otto
,
K.
,
Jensen
,
D.
, and
Wood
,
K.
,
2015
, “
Design-by-Analogy: Experimental Evaluation of a Functional Analogy Search Methodology for Concept Generation Improvement
,”
Res. Eng. Des.
,
26
(
1
), pp.
77
95
.
11.
Viswanathan
,
V. K.
, and
Linsey
,
J.
,
2012
, “
Physical Models and Design Thinking: A Study of Functionality, Novelty and Variety of Ideas
,”
ASME J. Mech. Des.
,
134
(
9
), p.
091004
.
12.
Toh
,
C. A.
, and
Miller
,
S. R.
,
2014
, “
The Impact of Example Modality and Physical Interactions on Design Creativity
,”
ASME J. Mech. Des.
,
136
(
9
), p.
091004
.
13.
Casakin
,
H.
, and
Goldschmidt
,
G.
,
1999
, “
Expertise and the Use of Visual Analogy: Implications for Design Education
,”
Des. Stud.
,
20
(
2
), pp.
153
175
.
14.
Marshall
,
K. S.
,
Crawford
,
R.
, and
Jensen
,
D.
,
2016
, “
Analogy Seeded Mind-Maps: A Comparison of Verbal and Pictorial Representation of Analogies in the Concept Generation Process
,”
ASME
Paper No. IDETC2016-60100
.
15.
Jansson
,
D.
, and
Smith
,
S.
,
1991
, “
Design Fixation
,”
Des. Stud.
,
12
(
1
), pp.
3
11
.
16.
Duncker
,
K.
,
1945
, “
On Problem Solving
,”
Psychol. Monogr.
,
58
(
5
), pp.
1
113
.
17.
Moreno
,
D. P.
,
Blessing
,
L. T.
,
Yang
,
M. C.
,
Hernandez
,
A. A.
, and
Wood
,
K. L.
,
2016
, “
Overcoming Design Fixation: Design-by-Analogy Studies and Nonintuitive Findings
,”
AI Edam
,
30
(
2
), pp.
185
199
.
18.
Microsoft Azure,
2017
, “
Microsoft Azure's Bing Image Search API
,” Microsoft Azure, accessed Jan. 7, 2019,
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/cognitive-services/bing-image-search/image-insights
19.
Shah
,
J. J.
,
Smith
,
S. M.
, and
Vargas-Hernandez
,
N.
,
2003
, “
Metrics for Measuring Ideation Effectiveness
,”
Des. Stud.
,
24
(
2
), pp.
111
134
.
20.
Landis
,
J.
, and
Koch
,
G.
,
1977
, “
The Measurement of Observer Agreement for Categorical Data
,”
Biometrics
,
33
(
1
), pp.
159
174
.
21.
Camilli
,
G.
, and
Hopkins
,
K. D.
,
1979
, “
Testing for Association in 2 x 2 Contingency Tables With Very Small Sample Sizes
,”
Psychol. Bull.
,
86
(
5
), pp.
1011
1014
.
22.
Cardoso
,
C.
, and
Badke-Schaub
,
P.
,
2011
, “
The Influence of Different Pictorial Representations During Idea Generation
,”
J. Creat. Behav.
,
45
(
2
), pp.
130
146
.
23.
Atilola
,
O.
, and
Linsey
,
J.
,
2015
, “
Representing Analogies to Influence Fixation and Creativity: A Study Comparing Computer-Aided Design, Photographs, and Sketches
,”
AI Edam
,
29
(
2
), pp.
161
171
.
24.
Ahmed
,
S.
,
Wallace
,
K. M.
, and
Blessing
,
L. T.
,
2003
, “
Understanding the Differences Between How Novice and Experienced Designers Approach Design Tasks
,”
Res. Eng. Des.
,
14
(
1
), pp.
1
11
.
25.
Gross
,
M.
, and
Do
,
E.
,
1995
, “
Drawing Analogies: Supporting Creative Architectural Design With Visual References
,”
Computational Model of Creative Design
,
J.
Gero
, and
M. L.
Maher
, eds.,
University of Sydney
, Sydney, Australia, pp.
37
58
.
26.
Chan
,
J.
,
Fu
,
K.
,
Schunn
,
C.
,
Cagan
,
J.
,
Wood
,
K.
, and
Kotovsky
,
K.
,
2011
, “
On the Benefits and Pitfalls of Analogies for Innovative Design: Ideation Performance Based on Analogical Distance, Commonness, and Modality of Examples
,”
ASME J. Mech. Des.
,
133
(
8
), p.
081004
.
27.
Fu
,
K.
,
Chan
,
J.
,
Cagan
,
J.
,
Kotovsky
,
K.
,
Schunn
,
C.
, and
Wood
,
K.
,
2013
, “
The Meaning of ‘Near’ and ‘Far’: The Impact of Structuring Design Databases and the Effect of Distance of Analogy on Design Output
,”
ASME J. Mech. Des.
,
135
(
2
), p.
021007
.
28.
Kudrowitz
,
B. M.
, and
Wallace
,
D.
,
2013
, “
Assessing the Quality of Ideas From Prolific, Early-Stage Product Ideation
,”
J. Eng. Des.
,
24
(
2
), pp.
120
139
.
29.
Ramanujan
,
D.
,
Bernstein
,
W. Z.
, and
Ramani
,
K.
,
2017
, “
Design Patterns for Visualization-Based Tools in Sustainable Product Design
,”
ASME
Paper No. IDETC2017-68054
.
30.
Ramanujan
,
D.
,
Benjamin
,
W.
,
Bernstein
,
W. Z.
,
Elmqvist
,
N.
, and
Ramani
,
K.
,
2013
, “
ShapeSift: Suggesting Sustainable Options in Design Reuse From Part Repositories
,”
ASME
Paper No. IDETC2013-13048
.
31.
Sarkar
,
P.
, and
Chakrabarti
,
A.
,
2011
, “
Assessing Design Creativity
,”
Des. Stud.
,
32
(
4
), pp.
348
383
.
32.
Arlitt
,
R.
,
Van Bossuyt
,
D. L.
,
Stone
,
R. B.
, and
Tumer
,
I. Y.
,
2017
, “
The Function-Based Design for Sustainability Method
,”
ASME J. Mech. Des.
,
139
(
4
), p.
041102
.
You do not currently have access to this content.