Microstructures are stochastic by their nature. These aleatoric uncertainties can alter the expected material performance substantially and thus they must be considered when designing materials. One safe approach would be assuming the worst case scenario of uncertainties in design. However, design under the worst case conditions can lead to over-conservative solutions that provide less effective material properties. Here, a more powerful design approach can be developed by implementing reliability constraints into the optimization problem to achieve superior material properties while satisfying the prescribed design criteria. This is known as reliability-based design optimization (RBDO), and it has not been studied for microstructure design before. In this work, an analytical formulation that models the propagation of microstructural uncertainties to the material properties is utilized to compute the probability of failure. Next, the analytical uncertainty solution is integrated into the optimization problem to define the reliability constraints. The presented optimization under uncertainty scheme is exercised to maximize the yield stress of α-Titanium and magnetostriction of Galfenol, respectively.
Reliability-Based Design Optimization of Microstructures With Analytical Formulation
Contributed by the Design Automation Committee of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL DESIGN. Manuscript received February 8, 2018; final manuscript received July 6, 2018; published online September 7, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Andres Tovar.
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Acar, P. (September 7, 2018). "Reliability-Based Design Optimization of Microstructures With Analytical Formulation." ASME. J. Mech. Des. November 2018; 140(11): 111402. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4040881
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