We present a new method for the simultaneous topology optimization and material selection of structures made by the union of discrete geometric components, where each component is made of one of multiple available materials. Our approach is based on the geometry projection method, whereby an analytical description of the geometric components is smoothly mapped onto a density field on a fixed analysis grid. In addition to the parameters that dictate the dimensions, position, and orientation of the component, a size variable per available material is ascribed to each component. A size variable value of unity indicates that the component is made of the corresponding material. Moreover, all size variables can be zero, signifying the component is entirely removed from the design. We penalize intermediate values of the size variables via an aggregate constraint in the optimization. We also introduce a mutual material exclusion constraint that ensures that at most one material has a unity size variable in each geometric component. In addition to these constraints, we propose a novel aggregation scheme to perform the union of geometric components with dissimilar materials. These ingredients facilitate treatment of the multi-material case. Our formulation can be readily extended to any number of materials. We demonstrate our method with several numerical examples.
Topology Optimization of Structures Made of Discrete Geometric Components With Different Materials
Contributed by the Design Automation Committee of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL DESIGN. Manuscript received December 11, 2017; final manuscript received June 18, 2018; published online September 7, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Andres Tovar.
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Kazemi, H., Vaziri, A., and Norato, J. A. (September 7, 2018). "Topology Optimization of Structures Made of Discrete Geometric Components With Different Materials." ASME. J. Mech. Des. November 2018; 140(11): 111401. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4040624
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