Epicyclic gear trains (EGTs) are used in the mechanical energy transmission systems where high velocity ratios are needed in a compact space. It is necessary to eliminate duplicate structures in the initial stages of enumeration. In this paper, a novel and simple method is proposed using a parameter, Vertex Incidence Polynomial (VIP), to synthesize epicyclic gear trains up to six links eliminating all isomorphic gear trains. Each epicyclic gear train is represented as a graph by denoting gear pair with thick line and transfer pair with thin line. All the permissible graphs of epicyclic gear trains from the fundamental principles are generated by the recursive method. Isomorphic graphs are identified by calculating VIP. Another parameter “Rotation Index” (RI) is proposed to detect rotational isomorphism. It is found that there are six nonisomorphic rotation graphs for five-link one degree-of-freedom (1-DOF) and 26 graphs for six-link 1-DOF EGTs from which all the nonisomorphic displacement graphs can be derived by adding the transfer vertices for each combination. The proposed method proved to be successful in clustering all the isomorphic structures into a group, which in turn checked for rotational isomorphism. This method is very easy to understand and allows performing isomorphism test in epicyclic gear trains.

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