The continuously decreasing life cycle of modern products leads to new challenges for product development. Additive manufacturing (AM) processes are able to support faster development by rapid production of samples and prototypes. However, the material properties of components produced by common (plastic-) 3D-printers are often insufficient for functional prototyping. A well-established way to improve the properties of plastics is the embedding of reinforcing fibers. Thus, this paper shows a method for fiber-reinforced 3D-printing. Through this combination, several restrictions of conventional composite production can be eased and additional freedoms of design are gained. To support the design of such parts, an adapted design methodology for fiber-reinforced 3D-printing is developed.

References

References
1.
Klemp
,
E.
,
2002
, “
Unterstützung des Konstrukteurs bei der Gestaltung von Spritzgussbauteilen Hergestellt im Rapid Prototyping und Rapid Tooling Verfahren (Support for Design of Injection Molded Parts Made by Rapid Prototyping and Rapid Tooling)
,” Ph.D. thesis, Technische Universität Clausthal, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany.
2.
DIN-Standard 8580
,
2003
, Manufacturing Processes—Terms and Definitions, Division,
Beuth Verlag GmbH
,
Berlin
.
3.
Ahn
,
S.-H.
,
Montero
,
M.
,
Odell
,
D.
,
Roundy
,
S.
, and
Wright
,
P. K.
,
2002
, “
Anisotropic Material Properties of Fused Deposition Modeling ABS
,”
Rapid Prototyping J.
,
8
(
4
), pp.
248
257
.
4.
Peters
,
S.
,
2011
,
Composite Filament Winding
,
ASM Intl.
,
Materials Park, OH
.
5.
Mattheij
,
P.
,
Gliesche
,
K.
, and
Feltin
,
D.
,
1998
, “
Tailored Fiber Placement—Mechanical Properties and Applications
,”
J. Reinf. Plast. Compos.
,
17
(
9
), pp.
774
786
.
6.
Mark
,
G.
,
2014
, “
Methods for Fiber Reinforced Additive Manufacturing
,” U.S. Patent No. US/2014/0361460.
7.
Fischer
,
A.
,
Rommel
,
S.
,
Geiger
,
R.
, and
Weber
,
S.
,
2014
, “
Tool and Method for Sheathing an Elongate Product Available by the Meter
,” Patent No. WO/2014/026762.
8.
Mori
,
K.
,
Maeno
,
T.
, and
Nakagawa
,
Y.
,
2014
, “
Dieless Forming of Carbon Fibre Reinforced Plastic Parts Using 3D Printer
,”
11th International Conference on Technology of Plasticity
, Nagoya Congress Center, Japan.
9.
Sells
,
E.
,
2009
, “
Towards a Self-Manufacturing Rapid Prototyping Machine
,”
Ph.D. thesis, University of Bath, Bath, UK.
10.
E3D-Online Ltd.
,
2014
, “
E3D-v6 Documentation
,” http://wiki.e3d-online.com/wiki/E3D-v6_Documentation
11.
Roth
,
K.
,
2000
,
Konstruieren mit Konstruktionskatalogen
(Design With Design Catalogues),
3rd ed.
,
Springer Verlag, Berlin, Germany
.
12.
Kirchner
,
K.
,
2011
, “
Entwicklung Eines Informationssystems für den Effizienten Einsatz Generativer Fertigungsverfahren im Produktentwicklungsprozess (Development of an Information System for the Efficient Use of AM in the Product Development Process)
,” Ph.D. thesis, Technische Universität Braunschweig, Braunschweig, Germany.
13.
Adam
,
G.
, and
Zimmer
,
D.
,
2014
, “
Design for Additive Manufacturing—Element Transitions and Aggregated Structures
,”
CIRP J. Manuf. Sci. Technol.
,
7
(
1
), pp.
20
28
.
14.
Association of German Engineers
,
2006
, “
Development of Fibre-Reinforced Plastics Components
,”
VDI-Guideline 2014
,
Verein Deutscher Ingenieure e.V., Association of German Engineers
,
Düsseldorf, Germany
.
15.
Zhang
,
P.
,
Toman
,
J.
,
Yu
,
Y.
,
Biyikli
,
E.
,
Kirca
,
M.
,
Chmielus
,
M.
, and
To
,
A. C.
,
2015
, “
Efficient Design-Optimization of Variable-Density Hexagonal Cellular Structure by Additive Manufacturing: Theory and Validation
,”
ASME J. Manuf. Sci. Eng.
,
137
(
2
), p.
021004
.
You do not currently have access to this content.