This paper presents a continuum-based approach for multi-objective topology optimization of multicomponent structures. Objectives include minimization of compliance, weight, and cost of assembly and manufacturing. Design variables are partitioned into two main groups: those pertaining to material allocation within a design domain (base topology problem), and those pertaining to decomposition of a monolithic structure into multiple components (joint allocation problem). Generally speaking, the two problems are coupled in the sense that the decomposition of an optimal monolithic structure is not always guaranteed to produce an optimal multicomponent structure. However, for spot-welded sheet-metal structures (such as those often found in automotive applications), certain assumptions can be made about the performance of a monolithic structure that favor the adoption of a two-stage approach that decouples the base topology and joint allocation problems. A multi-objective genetic algorithm (GA) is used throughout the studies in this paper. While the problem decoupling in two-stage approaches significantly reduces the size of the search space and allows better performance of the GA, the size of the search space can still be quite enormous in the second stage. To further improve the performance, a new mutation operator based on decomposition templates and localized joints morphing is proposed. A cantilever-loaded structure is used to study and compare various setups of single and two-stage GA approaches and establish the merit of the proposed GA operators. The approach is then applied to a simplified model of an automotive vehicle floor subject to global bending loading condition.
Decomposition Templates and Joint Morphing Operators for Genetic Algorithm Optimization of Multicomponent Structural Topology
Contributed by the Design Automation Committee of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL DESIGN. Manuscript received September 14, 2012; final manuscript received November 1, 2013; published online December 11, 2013. Assoc. Editor: Michael Kokkolaras.
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Zhou, Z., Hamza, K., and Saitou, K. (December 11, 2013). "Decomposition Templates and Joint Morphing Operators for Genetic Algorithm Optimization of Multicomponent Structural Topology." ASME. J. Mech. Des. February 2014; 136(2): 021004. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4026030
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