The Kinetic Energy Recovery Systems (KERS) are being considered as promising short-range solution to improve the fuel economy of road vehicles. The key element of a mechanical hybrid is a Continuously Variable Unit (CVU), which is used to drive the power from the flywheel to the wheels and vice versa by varying the speed ratio. The performance of the KERS is very much affected by the efficiency of the CVU in both direct and reverse operation, and the ratio spread. However, in real Continuously Variable Transmissions (CVT), the ratio spread is limited (typical value is 6) to keep acceptable efficiency and to minimize wear. Extended range shunted CVT (Power Split CVT or PS-CVT), made of one CVT, one fixed-ratio drive and one planetary gear drive, permit the designer to arrange a CVU with a larger ratio spread than the CVT or to improve its basic efficiency. For these reasons, in the literature they are sometimes addressed as devices for proficient application to KERS. In this paper, two performance indexes have been defined to quantify the effect of the ratio spread of PS-CVT on the energy recovery capabilities and overall round-trip efficiency of KERS. It is found that no substantial benefit is achieved with the use of PS-CVT instead of direct drive CVT, because the extension of the speed ratio range is paid with a loss of efficiency. It is finally discussed if new generation high-efficiency CVTs can change the scenario.
Effect of the Ratio Spread of CVU in Automotive Kinetic Energy Recovery Systems
Contributed by the Power Transmission and Gearing Committee of ASME for publication in the Journal of Mechanical Design. Manuscript received January 25, 2012; final manuscript received March 14, 2013; published online May 2, 2013. Assoc. Editor: Avinash Singh.
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Bottiglione, F., and Mantriota, G. (May 2, 2013). "Effect of the Ratio Spread of CVU in Automotive Kinetic Energy Recovery Systems." ASME. J. Mech. Des. June 2013; 135(6): 061001. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4024121
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