The bill for creating the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) was signed into law by President Truman on May 10, 1950. Accordingly, the NSF is “to promote the progress of science; to advance the national health, prosperity, and welfare; to secure the national defense…” Many of the papers published in the Journal of Mechanical Design (JMD) acknowledge support from NSF and, in particular, the NSF's program in engineering design. The engineering design program of NSF was recently renamed as “Engineering and Systems Design (ESD)” and its focus somewhat changed. According to the NSF, the ESD program “supports research leading to design theory and to tools and methods that enable implementation of the principles of design theory in the practice of design across the full spectrum of engineered products and systems. The program focus is on gaining an understanding of the basic processes and phenomena underlying...

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