Action origami is a field of origami dealing with models that are folded so that in their final, deployed state they exhibit motion. Hundreds of action origami models exist, many of which use complicated kinematics to achieve motion in their deployed state. A better understanding of the mechanisms used to create motion in action origami could be a foundation for developing a new source of concepts for deployable, movable engineering solutions. This brief presents an approach for evaluating and classifying the mechanisms that enable action origami motion. Approximately 130 action origami models are investigated. Although disguised with artistic elements, it is found that most action origami models are based on a few fundamental mechanisms. A classification scheme is proposed, and an unexplored class of action origami is identified as an area for future origami art.
A Classification of Action Origami as Systems of Spherical Mechanisms
Contributed by the Mechanisms and Robotics Committee of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL DESIGN. Manuscript received February 1, 2013; final manuscript received June 20, 2013; published online October 8, 2013. Assoc. Editor: Alexander Slocum.
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Bowen, L. A., Grames, C. L., Magleby, S. P., Howell, L. L., and Lang, R. J. (October 8, 2013). "A Classification of Action Origami as Systems of Spherical Mechanisms." ASME. J. Mech. Des. November 2013; 135(11): 111008. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4025379
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