We present a novel concept of a threaded fastener that is resistant to loosening under vibration. The anti-loosening feature does not use any additional element and is based on modifying the geometry of the thread in the bolt. In a normal nut and bolt combination, the axial motion of the nut or bolt is linearly related to the rotation by a constant pitch. In the proposed concept, the axial motion in the bolt is chosen to be a cubic function of the rotation, while for the nut, the axial motion remains linearly related to the rotation. This mismatch results in interference during the tightening process and additional torque required to overcome this interference gives rise to the enhanced anti-loosening property. In addition, the cubic curve is designed to ensure that the mismatch results in stresses and deformation in the elastic region of the chosen material. This ensures that the nut can be removed and reused while maintaining a repeatable anti-loosening property in the threaded fastener. A finite element analysis demonstrates the feasibility of this concept.
A Novel Prevailing Torque Threaded Fastener and Its Analysis
Contributed by the Mechanisms and Robotics Committee of ASME for publication in the Journal of Mechanical Design. Manuscript received August 30, 2012; final manuscript received June 11, 2013; published online September 5, 2013. Assoc. Editor: James Schmiedeler.
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Ranjan, B. S. C., Vikranth, H. N., and Ghosal, A. (September 5, 2013). "A Novel Prevailing Torque Threaded Fastener and Its Analysis." ASME. J. Mech. Des. October 2013; 135(10): 101007. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4024977
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