Life cycle assessment (LCA) is used to estimate a product’s environmental impact. Using LCA during the earlier stages of design may produce erroneous results since information available on the product’s lifecycle is typically incomplete at these stages. The resulting uncertainty must be accounted for in the decision-making process. This paper proposes a method for estimating the environmental impact of a product’s life cycle and the associated degree of uncertainty of that impact using information generated during the design process. Total impact is estimated based on aggregation of individual product life cycle processes impacts. Uncertainty estimation is based on assessing the mismatch between the information required and the information available about the product life cycle in each uncertainty category, as well as their integration. The method is evaluated using pre-defined scenarios with varying uncertainty.
A method for Estimating the Degree of Uncertainty With Respect to Life Cycle Assessment During Design
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Kota, S., and Chakrabarti, A. (September 16, 2010). "A method for Estimating the Degree of Uncertainty With Respect to Life Cycle Assessment During Design." ASME. J. Mech. Des. September 2010; 132(9): 091007. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4002163
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