The use of less than six degrees of freedom (dof) mechanisms instead of six-dof ones is always recommended when the application makes it possible, since their architectures and control are simpler to manufacture and implement respectively. Three-dof mechanisms constitute an important subset of less-than-six-dof mechanisms, since either translational or spherical motion can be obtained through three-dof spatial mechanisms and many industrial applications require the only translational or spherical motion. This paper presents a new translational parallel mechanism (TPM), named translational 3-URC. The new mechanism belongs to the parallel architectures with 3-URC topology, which contain another architecture that is a spherical parallel wrist. The proposed TPM is not overconstrained and has three equal legs whose kinematic pairs are three revolute pairs and one passive cylindrical pair per leg. Its actuated pairs are three revolute pair located on the frame. The position and velocity analyses of the translational 3-URC will be addressed and solved. Its singularity conditions will be written in explicit form and geometrically interpreted.
Kinematics of the Translational 3-URC Mechanism1
Contributed by the Mechanisms and Robotics Committee for publication in the JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL DESIGN. Manuscript received April 12, 2001; revised April 6, 2004. Associate Editor: Q. J. Ge.
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Di Gregorio , R. (February 14, 2005). "Kinematics of the Translational 3-URC Mechanism." ASME. J. Mech. Des. November 2004; 126(6): 1113–1117. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1814390
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