Power losses in high-speed gears come from the friction between the teeth (sliding and rolling), the lubrication process (dip or jet lubrication), the pumping of a gas-lubricant mixture during the meshing and the losses associated with windage effects. The objective of this paper is to present a number of preliminary experimental and theoretical findings on the prediction of windage losses. Experiments were conducted on a test bench whose principle consists in driving a gear to a given speed and then measuring its deceleration once it has been disconnected from the motor. Results are presented for a disk and 4 different gears with no enclosure and in the absence of lubricant at speeds ranging from 0 to 12, 000 rpm. Two different theoretical approaches have been developed: i) a dimensional analysis based upon the dimensionless groups of terms which account for the flow characteristics (Reynolds number), the gear geometry (tooth number, pitch diameter, face width) and the speed, ii) a quasi-analytical model considering in detail the fluid flow on the gear faces and inside the teeth. It is found that both approaches give good results in comparison with the experimental evidence and two analytical formulas aimed at predicting windage losses in high-speed gears are proposed.
Windage Losses in High Speed Gears—Preliminary Experimental and Theoretical Results
Contributed by the Power Transmission and Gearing Committee for publication in the JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL DESIGN. Manuscript received October 2003; revised January 2004. Associate Editor: A. Kahraman.
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Diab , Y., Ville , F., Velex, P., and Changenet, C. (October 28, 2004). "Windage Losses in High Speed Gears—Preliminary Experimental and Theoretical Results ." ASME. J. Mech. Des. September 2004; 126(5): 903–908. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1767815
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