A noise-vibration-harshness (NVH) design optimization of a complex vehicle structure is presented using finite element and boundary element analyses. The steady-state dynamic behavior of the vehicle is calculated from the frequency response finite element analysis, while the sound pressure level within the acoustic cavity is calculated from the boundary element analysis. A reverse solution process is employed for the design sensitivity calculation using the adjoint variable method. The adjoint load is obtained from the acoustic boundary element re-analysis, while the adjoint solution is calculated from the structural dynamic re-analysis. The evaluation of pressure sensitivity only involves a numerical integration process over the structural part where the design variable is defined. A design optimization problem is formulated and solved, where the structural weight is reduced while the noise level in the passenger compartment is lowered.
Design Optimization for Structural-Acoustic Problems Using FEA-BEA With Adjoint Variable Method
Contributed by the Design Automation Committee for publication in the JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL DESIGN. Manuscript received October 2002; revised October 2003. Associate Editor: G. M. Fadel.
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Dong, J., Choi, K. K., and Kim, N. H. (October 1, 2003). "Design Optimization for Structural-Acoustic Problems Using FEA-BEA With Adjoint Variable Method ." ASME. J. Mech. Des. May 2004; 126(3): 527–533. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1701879
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