We present a new kinematic calibration algorithm for redundantly actuated parallel mechanisms, and illustrate the algorithm with a case study of a planar seven-element 2-degree-of-freedom (DOF) mechanism with three actuators. To calibrate a nonredundantly actuated parallel mechanism, one can find actual kinematic parameters by means of geometrical constraint of the mechanism’s kinematic structure and measurement values. However, the calibration algorithm for a nonredundant case does not apply for a redundantly actuated parallel mechanism, because the angle error of the actuating joint varies with position and the geometrical constraint fails to be consistent. Such change of joint angle error comes from constraint torque variation with each kinematic pose (meaning position and orientation). To calibrate a redundant parallel mechanism, one therefore has to consider constraint torque equilibrium and the relationship of constraint torque to torsional deflection, in addition to geometric constraint. In this paper, we develop the calibration algorithm for a redundantly actuated parallel mechanism using these three relationships, and formulate cost functions for an optimization algorithm. As a case study, we executed the calibration of a 2-DOF parallel mechanism using the developed algorithm. Coordinate values of tool plate were measured using a laser ball bar and the actual kinematic parameters were identified with a new cost function of the optimization algorithm. Experimental results showed that the accuracy of the tool plate improved by 82% after kinematic calibration in a redundant actuation case.
Kinematic Calibration for Redundantly Actuated Parallel Mechanisms
Contributed by the Mechanisms and Robotics Committee for publication in the JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL DESIGN. Manuscript received May 2002; revised July 2003. Associate Editor: C. Mavroidis.
- Views Icon Views
- Share Icon Share
- Cite Icon Cite
- Search Site
Jeong, J. I., Kang , D., Cho , Y. M., and Kim , J. (May 5, 2004). "Kinematic Calibration for Redundantly Actuated Parallel Mechanisms ." ASME. J. Mech. Des. March 2004; 126(2): 307–318. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1667902
Download citation file:
- Ris (Zotero)
- Reference Manager