Mobility analysis of a novel 3-5R parallel mechanism family whose limb consists of a 2R and a 3R parallel subchain is performed by the aid of screw theory. A mobility criterion applicable to such 3-leg parallel mechanisms in which each kinematic chain contains five kinematic pairs is proposed. It is shown that under different structural conditions, the 3-5R parallel mechanism can have 3, 4, or 5 DOF (degrees of freedom). The structural conditions that guarantee the full-cycle mobility are analyzed. The analysis and the method presented in this paper will be helpful in using such a 3-5R parallel mechanism family and introduce new insights into the mobility analysis of parallel mechanisms.

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