In recent years, power transmission gears for vehicles run at higher speeds and loads and are accompanied by very high surface temperatures. Under such a high surface temperature condition, the surface strength cannot be evaluated correctly only by the use of Hertzian stress. This research attempts to introduce a new surface strength evaluation method considering the surface temperature rise. First, the surface temperatures of rollers under different rolling and sliding conditions are measured using a thermocouple. The effects of load P, mean tangential velocity and sliding velocity on surface temperature are investigated and analyzed. Then, an experimental equation is presented which shows the linear relationship between surface temperature and value. Based on the comparisons between calculated and measured tooth surface temperatures, this equation is confirmed applicable to gear tooth surface temperature evaluation as well. A surface temperature index is proposed for surface strength evaluation. The relationship between the surface temperature index and the number of load cycles of the rollers is investigated. The results indicate the possibility to evaluate the surface strength based on the surface temperature.
Surface Temperature Calculation and its Application to Surface Fatigue Strength Evaluation
Contributed by the Reliability, Stress Analysis, and Failure Prevention Committee for publication in the JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL DESIGN. Manuscript received July 2001. Associate Editor: J. C. Moosbrugger.
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Deng , G., Nakanishi, T., and Kato, M. (November 26, 2002). "Surface Temperature Calculation and its Application to Surface Fatigue Strength Evaluation ." ASME. J. Mech. Des. December 2002; 124(4): 805–812. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1514659
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