The analysis of compliant mechanisms is often complicated due to the geometric nonlinearities which become significant with large elastic deflections. Pseudo rigid body models (PRBM) may be used to accurately and efficiently model such large elastic deflections. Previously published models have only considered end forces with no end moment or end moment acting only in the same direction as the force. In this paper, we present a model for a cantilever beam with end moment acting in the opposite direction as the end force, which may or may not cause an inflection point. Two pivot points are used, thereby increasing the model’s accuracy when an inflection point exists. The Bernoulli-Euler beam equation is solved for large deflections with elliptic integrals, and the elliptic integral solutions are used to determine when an inflection point will exist. The beam tip deflections are then parameterized using a different parameterization from previous models, which renders the deflection paths easier to model with a single degree of freedom system. Optimization is used to find the pseudo rigid body model which best approximates the beam deflection and stiffness. This model, combined with those models developed for other loading conditions, may be used to efficiently analyze compliant mechansims subjected to any loading condition.
Modeling of Flexural Beams Subjected to Arbitrary End Loads
Contributed by the Mechanisms and Robotics Committee for publication in the JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL DESIGN. Manuscript received Feb. 2001. Associate Editor: M. Raghavan.
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Kimball, C., and Tsai, L. (May 16, 2002). "Modeling of Flexural Beams Subjected to Arbitrary End Loads ." ASME. J. Mech. Des. June 2002; 124(2): 223–235. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1455031
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