Previous researches on the dynamic response of a flexible connecting rod can be categorized by the ways the axial load in the rod is being formulated. The axial load may be assumed to be (1) dependent only on time and can be obtained by treating the rod as rigid, (2) related to the transverse displacement by integrating the axial equilibrium equation, and (3) proportional to linear strain. This paper examines the validity of these formulations by first deriving the equations of motion assuming the axial load to be proportional to the Lagrangian strain. In order for the dimensionless displacements to be in the order of O(1), different nondimensionalization schemes have to be adopted for low and high crank speeds. The slenderness ratio of the connecting rod arises naturally as a small parameter with which the order of magnitude of each term in the equations of motion, and the implication of these simplified formulations can be examined. It is found that the formulations in previous researches give satisfactory results only when the crank speed is low. On the other hand when the crank speed is comparable to the first bending natural frequency of the connecting rod, these simplified formulations overestimate considerably the dynamic response because terms of significant order of magnitude are removed inadequately.
The Role of Lagrangian Strain in the Dynamic Response of a Flexible Connecting Rod
Contributed by the Design Automation Committee for publication in the JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL DESIGN. Manuscript received May 1999. Associate Editor: H. Lankarani.
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Chen, J., and Chen, K. (May 1, 1999). "The Role of Lagrangian Strain in the Dynamic Response of a Flexible Connecting Rod ." ASME. J. Mech. Des. December 2001; 123(4): 542–548. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1415738
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