In this paper, a new type of a clutch by the name of the variable torque clutch with skewed rollers is first introduced and second investigated both theoretically and experimentally. It is comprised of an inner and an outer race that are each in spatial line contact with the crossed axis cylindrical rollers. Torque transmission is delivered by a slipping induced between the rollers and the races due to skewing the rollers. The equations of the race surfaces are derived and the geometrical properties are analyzed. Based on the kinematic analysis, a roller-wedge model is proposed for this clutch in order to visualize the motion at the tangency of the rollers and the races. By assuming the linear distribution of the contact force along the spatial contact line, the transmitted torque capacity and kinematic characteristics can be evaluated properly from the solution of a set of nonlinear equilibrium equations. Several prototypes of this clutch are manufactured and measured to show the validity of this design idea and the theoretical results. The computational results are found to coincide with the experimental data. In addition, the influences of the design parameters on the fundamental characteristics are discussed in detail.
Fundamental Characteristics of a New Variable Torque Clutch With Skewed Rollers
Contributed by the Mechanisms Committee for publication in the JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL DESIGN. Manuscript received Nov. 1999. Associate Editor: J. S. Rastegar.
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Feng , M., Ono, K., and Mimura, K. (November 1, 1999). "Fundamental Characteristics of a New Variable Torque Clutch With Skewed Rollers ." ASME. J. Mech. Des. September 2001; 123(3): 436–446. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1372191
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