Helical timing belts have been developed in order to reduce the noise that occurs when conventional timing belts are driven. Helical timing belts are characterized by synchronous rotation. Although several studies have been performed to clarify the noise characteristics and belt life of helical timing belts, the transmission error of these belts remains unclear. In the present study, the transmission error having a period of one pitch of the pulley was investigated both theoretically and experimentally for helical timing belt drives. Experimental conditions were such that the transmission force acts on the helical timing belts under quasi-static conditions and the belt incurs belt climbing at the beginning of meshing and at the end of meshing. Experimental results obtained for the transmission error agreed closely with the computed results. The computed results revealed that helical timing belts can be analyzed as a set of very narrow belts for which the helix angle is zero. The transmission error was found to decrease when the helix angle or the belt width increase within a range defined such that the face advance is less than one belt pitch. In addition, there exists an appropriate installation tension that reduces the transmission error.
Transmission Error in Helical Timing Belt Drives (Case of a Period of Pulley Pitch)
Contributed by the Power Transmission & Gearing Committee for publication in the JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL DESIGN. Manuscript received Feb. 2000. Associate Editor: R. F. Handschuh.
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Kagotani, M., Ueda, H., and Koyama, T. (February 1, 2000). "Transmission Error in Helical Timing Belt Drives (Case of a Period of Pulley Pitch) ." ASME. J. Mech. Des. March 2001; 123(1): 104–110. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1326916
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