Simple formulas can relate axial thrust and torque of rubber V-belt drives, taking into consideration the radial penetration of the belt.

1.
Dolan, J. P., and Worley, W. S., 1985, “Closed-Form Approximations to the Solution of V-Belt Force and Slip Equations,” ASME JOURNAL OF MECHANISMS, TRANSMISSIONS, AND AUTOMATION IN DESIGN, Vol. 107.
2.
Gerbert, B. G., 1972, “Force and Slip Behaviour in V-Belt Drives,” Acta Polytechnica Scandinavica, Mech. Eng. Series, 67, Helsinki.
3.
Gerbert, B. G., 1974, “Adjustable Speed V-Belt Drives. Mechanical Properties and Design,” SAE Paper 740747.
4.
Gerbert, B. G., 1977, “A Complementary Large Slip Solution in V-Belt Mechanics,” ASME Paper 77-DET-162.
5.
Lutz, O., 1960, “Zur Theorie des Keilscheiben-Umschlingungsgetriebes,” Konstruktion, 12.
6.
Oliver, L. R., and Henderson, D. D., 1972, “Torque Sensing Variable Speed V-Belt Drive,” SAE Paper 720708.
7.
Sorge, F., 1996, “A Qualitative-Quantitative Approach to V-Belt Mechanics,” ASME JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL DESIGN, Vol. 118.
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