In this paper, the direct kinematics of general spherical parallel three-degree-of-freedom manipulators is investigated. A polynomial of degree 8 is obtained to describe this problem and it is shown that this polynomial is minimal since 8 real solutions corresponding to actual configurations have been found for a given set of actuator coordinates and a given architecture. This result completes the study on the direct kinematics of spherical three-degree-of-freedom parallel manipulators undertaken by the authors in a previous paper. An example of an architecture and a set of actuator coordinates which lead to 8 real solutions is presented to illustrate the results.

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