This paper presents a computer-based method for formulation and efficient solution of nonlinear, constrained differential equations of motion for spatial dynamic analysis of mechanical systems with holonomic and nonholonomic constraints. Holonomic and nonholonomic constraint equations and differential equations of motion are written in terms of a maximal set of Cartesian generalized coordinates, three translational and four rotational coordinates for each rigid body in the system, where the rotational coordinates are Euler parameters. The maximal set of generalized coordinates facilitates the general formulation of constraints and forcing functions. A Gaussian elimination algorithm with full pivoting decomposes the constraint Jacobian matrix and identifies independent coordinates and velocities. This information is employed to numerically construct a reduced system of differential equations of motion whose solution yields the system dynamic response. A numerical integration algorithm with positive-error control, employing a predictor-corrector algorithm with variable order and step size, integrates for only the independent variables, yet effectively determines dependent variables.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.