The mathematical basis for the Random Decrement Technique of vibration signature analysis is established. The general relationship between the autocorrelation function of a random process and the Randomdec signature is derived. For the particular case of a linear time invariant system excited by a zero-mean, stationary, Gaussian random process, a Randomdec signature of the output is shown to be proportional to the auto-correlation of the output. Example Randomdec signatures are computed from acceleration response time histories from an offshore platform.

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