This paper outlines the development of a general macroscopic failure theory. The result is a relatively simple cubic equation where interaction coefficients for tension-tension and compression-compression strengths may be defined separately. Approximations for biaxial and triaxial normal stress interactions are included to reduce the number of experimental data to nine for brittle three-dimensionally orthotropic materials and to two for brittle isotropic materials. A necessary condition that the theory closely describe brittle isotropic material strength is satisfied for a comprehensive set of cast iron biaxial strength data. The surface is graphically illustrated for various materials.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.