Two-dimensional finite deformations are analyzed by factoring and multiplying the matrices of the linear transformations representing them. A general linear transformation consists of a pure shear, a uniform dilation, and a rigid-body rotation. Coaxiality is defined for finite deformations and its effect on the resultant distortion discussed. Tests for coaxiality are devised for use on rectangular grids which are often employed in metal forming research. Formulas are derived for the initial and final directions of the resultant major principal axis in both equal and unequal noncoaxial pure shears and, in particular, conditions are found for the constancy of distortion in the second deformation.

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