This paper recounts recent advances on the atomistic modeling of twinning in body-centered cubic (bcc) and face-centered cubic (fcc) alloy. Specifically, we have reviewed: (i) the experimental evidence of twinning-dominated deformation in single- and multi-grain microstructures, (ii) calculation of generalized planar fault energy (GPFE) landscapes, and (iii) the prediction of critical friction stresses to initiate twinning-governed plasticity (e.g., twin nucleation, twin–slip and twin–twin interactions). Possible avenues for further research are outlined.

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