In this paper, we provide two different symmetry cells to describe the shot-peening process. In this multiple impingement model, we study the dynamic behavior of TI-6Al-4V targets subjected to a large number of shots. Three-dimensional elastoplastic finite element analysis (FEA) of the process was conducted using these two symmetry cells for strain-rate sensitive targets and rigid shots. The basic symmetry cell is assigned a target surface area C×C, where C is one half of separation distance between adjacent shots. The second “enhanced” symmetry cell is assigned a target surface area 2C×2C thus allowing higher density of impact point locations. Average residual stresses inside the target predicted by FEA were compared with experimental measurements using the hole-drilling technique. In order to do this, a new averaged technique was developed to obtain the stress distribution inside the symmetry cell. The results reveal that both symmetry cell models could be used for shot-peening modeling. However, the use of the enhanced symmetry cell leads to a better agreement with the measured residual stresses. In addition, the enhanced symmetry cell model allowed us to overcome some of the shortcomings of the basic symmetry cell for cases involving high peening velocity and intensity.

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