Computer experiments were performed on simulated polycrystalline material samples that possess locally anisotropic microstructures to investigate stress intensity factor (K) variations and anisotropy along fronts of microcracks of different sizes. The anisotropic K, arising from inhomogeneous stresses in broken grains, was determined for planar microcracks by using a weight function-based numerical technique. It has been found that the grain-orientation-geometry-induced local anisotropy produces large variations in K along front of microcracks, when the crack size is of the order of few grain diameters. Synergetic effect of grain orientation and geometry of broken grains control K variations and evolution along the microcrack front. The K variations may diminish at large crack sizes, signifying a shift of K calculation to bulk stress dependence from local stress dependence. Local grain geometry and texture may lead to K anisotropy, producing unusually higher/lower K at a segment of the crack front. Either K variation or anisotropy cannot be ignored when assessing a microcrack.
K Variations and Anisotropy: Microstructure Effect and Numerical Predictions
Contributed by the Materials Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received by the Materials Division June 5, 2002; revision received August 20, 2002. Associate Editor: R. C. McClung.
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Li, X. (December 31, 2002). "K Variations and Anisotropy: Microstructure Effect and Numerical Predictions ." ASME. J. Eng. Mater. Technol. January 2003; 125(1): 65–74. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1525252
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