Based on the theory of damage mechanics, an anisotropic damage coupled mixed isotropic-kinematic hardening plastic model for the prediction of forming limit diagram (FLD) is developed. The model includes the formulation of nonlinear anisotropic kinematic hardening. For the prediction of limit strains under nonproportional loading, a damage criterion for localized necking of sheet metals subjected to complex strain history is proposed. The model is employed to predict the FLDs of AL6111-T4 alloy. The predicted results agree well with those determined experimentally.

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