The cold pilger metal forming technique is known to produce round titanium alloy tubing with mechanical properties that may be significantly anisotropic. These mechanical properties are of interest to both the manufacturers and consumers for defining initial manufacturing limitations and defining the final product design limitations. This study focuses on experimentally characterizing the yield locus development of Ti-3Al-2.5V seamless tubing during cold pilgering and a subsequent thermal stress relieving process. The materials are experimentally characterized using a biaxial testing apparatus, which subjects the specimen tubes to combined axial load and internal pressure. The Hill yield criterion is subsequently fit to the experimental results producing continuous yield loci. Each specimen is also experimentally characterized using X-ray diffraction to gain insight into the material textures that accompany the macroscopic properties. All work is focused on one particular pilger pass at two different production rates. A second experimental variable is introduced to the study by using two significantly different input materials, as characterized by X-ray diffraction. This study also investigates the nature of the plastic deformation of the tubing developed during cold pilgering via finite element analysis and discusses the relationship between the finite element predictions and the mechanical anisotropy.

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