This paper is concerned with the mechanical behavior of a Cu-Al-Be Shape Memory Alloy (SMA). A large experimental database, made of tension-internal pressure tests and biaxial compressive tests, is reported. Particular attention is paid to the behavior of the material under multiaxial proportional and nonproportional loadings. Moreover, these two types of complementary tests allow for the determination, on the one hand, of the shape of the initial surface of transformation onset and, on the other hand, of the initial direction of the transformation strain rate. A generalized macroscopic J2-J3 criterion to describe the transformation onset is proposed and identified.

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