A unified constitutive model incorporating internal state variables based upon the deformation phenomena that are observed to occur at the microstructural level has been developed and applied to Rene´ 95. Material hardening is modeled using dragstress and back-stress state variables, while the reduction in the material’s load-carrying capability is described by using a damage-accumulation state variable. Application of the model to the tensile, cyclic, and creep loadings of Rene´ 95 at 650°C demonstrated that the model is capable of capturing cyclic hardening, damage accumulation, and tertiary creep by using one inelastic flow equation in concert with the state-variable-evolution equations.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.