The dynamic compaction processes of copper powder which was filled in two layers into a die and subjected to solid punch impaction were investigated experimentally in order to assess the effect of different initial density distributions of the powder on the compaction process. The compaction experiments were performed for two situations of layer arrangement: in the first situation the upper layer had a lower uniform initial density distribution than the lower layer and in the second this order was reversed. The processes were photographed for the two situations of layer arrangement using a high speed camera in order to analyze the movement of powder medium and punch, the propagation of shock and elastic waves in the powder medium and density distributions. The pressure on the plug supporting the medium in the die was also measured so that the analysis of the photograph would be facilitated. The two compaction processes observed and analyzed differed considerably, but the green density distributions had only a slight difference. The compaction process obtained for the first situation of layer arrangement agreed well with the theoretical prediction reported previously by the authors. The compaction process for the second situation also agreed with the theoretical result, indicating that the amounts of internal energy dissipation during the two processes differ only slight.

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