All real materials contain defects which significantly reduce the fracture stress of brittle materials. It has been proposed by Griffith [3] that brittle fracture occurs when the maximum intensified tensile stress on the surface of a defect reaches a critical value. It has recently been found [1] that for many brittle materials of high quality, the nature and density of the defects are such that they may be modelled by isolated cylindrical voids. This study considers the stress intensification consequences of the close spacing of cylindrical defects that are filled with a material having a Young’s modulus different than that of the matrix.

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