Recently, there has been an increasing need for more accurate methods of predicting the life of components operating in the creep range. Although many such components are invariably subject to multiaxial stress systems, present life estimation methods utilize available uniaxial creep rupture data via a representative stress for the component. This stress is usually empirically derived and in many cases leads to undue conservatism in life estimates because no account is taken of the creep and rupture response of the material to multiaxial stresses. This paper reviews the various multiaxial stress rupture test techniques which have been employed to determine the multiaxial stress rupture criterion. The multiaxial stress rupture data available in the literature for some commonly used creep resisting steels are compiled and discussed.

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