Abstract

Current vehicle energy absorbers face two problems during a collision in that there is only a 70% collapse in length and there is a high initial peak load. These problems arise because the presently used energy-absorbing column is primitive from the point of view of origami. We developed a column called the Reversed Spiral Origami Structure (RSO), which solves the above two problems. However, in the case of existing technology of the RSO, the molding cost of hydroforming is too expensive for application to a real vehicle structure. We therefore conceive a new structure, named the Reversed Torsion Origami Structure (RTO), which has excellent energy absorption in simulation. We can thus develop a manufacturing system for the RTO cheaply. Excellent results are obtained in a physical experiment. The RTO can replace conventional energy absorbers and is expected to be widely used in not only automobile structures but also building structures.

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