Abstract

In this study, the conditions for wall thickness reduction in hollow sinking were obtained by tube drawing experiments in which the drawing speed ratio was controlled under three conditions (1.09, 1.11, and 1.14). These conditions have not been found in the history of hollow sinking. The results of the experiment and the theoretical formulas indicate that the geometric condition is obtained from the figure of the ratio of inner diameter to outer diameter after drawing against that ratio before drawing. Furthermore, the ratio of the inner diameter to the outer diameter after drawing must be above the constant wall thickness line derived from the cross-sectional change. To satisfy this geometric condition, the drawing speed ratio must be larger than threshold value, which is obtained from the ratio of the inner diameter to the outer diameter before drawing, and the reduction of the die. However, the value of the back stress approaches that of the strength of the tube when the drawing speed ratio increases. A simple dynamical model shows that parameters other than the drawing speed ratio do not significantly decrease the back stress during drawing. Therefore, the drawing speed ratio should be set such that the tube does not break.

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