A simple, inexpensive, and rapid method of assessing cylinder and piston ring wear was developed. A small sample of the oil which lubricates the cylinder wall and piston rings was drawn off through a small hole in the cylinder wall. The sample was then analyzed spectrographically. Changes in wear resulting from changes in cylinder liner materials, fuels, lubricating oils, and other operating conditions were investigated. The method was found useful especially in cases of drastic differences in the wear rates. Selected examples of these studies are reported.

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