This paper shows the development of a mathematical model for determining the average interface temperatures when using a remote sensor. The accuracy of the remote sensor technique was greatly improved by introducing an insulator between the tool and tool-holder. The presence of the insulator provided boundary conditions which enabled a numerical solution to the set of equations representing heat flow and temperature distribution. The model was compared experimentally with a tool-chip thermocouple, and agreement of the order of ± 6 percent was observed. The model can be used not only to determine the average tool-chip interface temperature, but the temperature distribution of the overall tool. The developed model proved to be somewhat insensitive to physical constants and the surrounding environment. Its use as a practical, accurate method for determining cutting temperatures is possible without the need for calibrating tool-chip thermocouples, complicated experimental setups, tedious iterative calculations, over-generalized assumptions, and unavailable physical constants for tools and work materials.

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