A substantial reduction in power consumption, an increase in tool life, more effective utilization of cutting fluids, and improved surface finish on the machined workpiece have been achieved by suitably controlling the length of tool-chip contact. Reasons for these findings are discussed in terms of basic variables in chip formation mechanics.

Artificially restricted contact tools open new avenues for metal cutting research. Machining data obtained with such tools provide further evidence of the invariant behavior of the dynamic shear stress of metals under high-speed cutting conditions, and unfold interesting information on the intricate nature of tool-chip contact.

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