The quantification of the heat flow distribution in the metal cutting process depending on the cut material and the process parameters is a research area with a long history. However, a quantification of the heat flow distribution between chip, tool, and workpiece is still a not fully solved problem and remains a necessary input value for the further modeling of temperature fields and subsequent tool wear and thermal induced surface alterations, which may impair the workpiece functionality. Thus, the following publication shows the results of orthogonal cutting in order to investigate the heat flow distribution between the chip and workpiece. Therefore, the heat partitions in the cutting process were calculated by a thermodynamic methodology. This methodology considers the temperature rise in the workpiece and the chip, measured by thermography and pyrometry, as the effect of the cutting work dissipated into sensible heat. Four metals, Inconel 718, AISI 1045, Ti6Al4V, and AlMgSi0.5, were cut at varying undeformed chip thicknesses and cutting velocities. By formulating a dimensionless number for the cutting process, the Péclet number, the thermal diffusivity was included as an evaluation criterion of heat partitioning between the chip and workpiece across material properties and process settings. In this way, the validity of the Péclet number as an evaluation criterion for heat partitions in cutting and as a valuable heuristic for process design was confirmed. Another goal was to extend the state of the art approach of empirical process analysis by orthogonal cuts with regard to specific cutting forces into the thermal domain in order to provide the basis for further temperature modeling in cutting processes. The usage of the empirical data basis was finally demonstrated for the analytical modeling of temperature fields in the workpiece during milling. Therefore, the specific heat inputs into the workpiece measured in the orthogonal cuts were transferred to the milling process kinematics in order to model the heat flow into the workpiece during milling. This heat flow was used as input for an existing analytical model in order to predict stationary temperature fields in the milling process for the two-dimensional case.
Measurement and Modeling of Heat Partitions and Temperature Fields in the Workpiece for Cutting Inconel 718, AISI 1045, Ti6Al4V, and AlMgSi0.5
Manuscript received October 29, 2018; final manuscript received March 25, 2019; published online April 19, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Guillaume Fromentin.
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Augspurger, T., Bergs, T., and Döbbeler, B. (April 19, 2019). "Measurement and Modeling of Heat Partitions and Temperature Fields in the Workpiece for Cutting Inconel 718, AISI 1045, Ti6Al4V, and AlMgSi0.5." ASME. J. Manuf. Sci. Eng. June 2019; 141(6): 061007. doi: https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4043311
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