During the micromachining processes of particle-reinforced metal matrix composites (PMMCs), matrix-particle interface failure plays an important role in the cutting mechanism. This paper presents a novel analytical model to predict the cutting forces in micromilling of this material considering particle debonding caused by interface failure. The particle debonding is observed not only in the processed surface but also in the chip. A new algorithm is proposed to estimate the particles debonding force caused by interface failure with the aid of Nardin–Schultz model. Then, several aspects of the cutting force generation mechanism are considered in this paper, including particles debonding force in the shear zone and build-up region, particles cracking force in the build-up region, shearing and ploughing forces of metal matrix, and varying sliding friction coefficients due to the reinforced particles in the chip-tool interface. The micro-slot milling experiments are carried out on a self-made three-axis high-precision machine tool, and the comparison between the predicted cutting forces and measured values shows that the proposed model can provide accurate prediction. Finally, the effects of interface failure, reinforced particles, and tool edge radius on cutting forces are investigated by the proposed model and some conclusions are given as follows: the particles debonding force caused by interface failure is significant and takes averagely about 23% of the cutting forces under the given cutting conditions; reinforced particles and edge radius can greatly affect the micromilling process of PMMCs.

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