Among the sheet hydroforming processes, hydrodynamic deep drawing (HDD) process has been used to form complex shapes and can produce parts with high drawing ratio. Studies showed that radial pressure created on the edge of the sheet can decrease the drawing force and increase drawing ratio. Thus, increasing of radial pressure to an amount greater than chamber pressure, and independent control of these pressures, is the basic idea in this study. In this research, the effect of radial and chamber pressures on formability of St13 and pure copper sheets in the process of hydrodynamic deep drawing assisted by radial pressure (HDDRP) with inward flowing liquid is investigated. Giving that a significant portion of the maximum thinning of the formed part occurs in the beginning of the process, the pressure supply system used in the experimental tests was designed in a way, which provides simultaneous control of the radial and chamber pressures throughout the process. Thickness distribution, forming force, and tensile stresses are the parameters that were evaluated in this study. Results indicated that using a higher radial pressure than the chamber pressure and controlling their values in the initial stages of the process enhances the thickness distribution of the formed part in all regions. A comparison between the thickness distribution and maximum forming force of the formed parts by the HDDRP and HDDRP with inward flowing liquid methods showed that by applying the later method, parts with more uniform thickness distribution and less maximum thinning and forming force can be achieved.
Investigation of Forming Cylindrical Parts in a Modified Hydrodynamic Deep Drawing Assisted by Radial Pressure With Inward Flowing Liquid
Manuscript received June 1, 2017; final manuscript received November 6, 2017; published online December 21, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Gracious Ngaile.
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Yazdi, M. S., Bakhshi-Jooybari, M., Gorji, H., Shakeri, M., and Khademi, M. (December 21, 2017). "Investigation of Forming Cylindrical Parts in a Modified Hydrodynamic Deep Drawing Assisted by Radial Pressure With Inward Flowing Liquid." ASME. J. Manuf. Sci. Eng. March 2018; 140(3): 031007. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4038512
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