In recent years, the requirements for high dimensional precision on Z-bent shaped parts have become increasingly stringent. To attain these requirements, the suitable selection of the Z-die bending type has to be considered much more strictly. In this research, two types of Z-bending processes, offset Z-die bending and wiping Z-die bending, were investigated using the finite element method (FEM) to identify the spring-back characteristics and dimensions of Z-bent shaped parts. In the case of offset Z-die bending, the spring-back characteristics on both bend angles were similar. In contrast, in the case of wiping Z-bending, the spring-back characteristics on both bend angles were different. In addition, the dimensions of the Z-bent shaped parts were investigated. It was found, in the case of wiping Z-bending, that web thinning was generated and the outer bend radius was out of tolerance. To validate the FEM simulation results, experiments were carried out. The FEM simulation results showed good agreement with the experimental results in terms of the bend angles and the overall geometry of the Z-bent shaped parts. To achieve precise Z-bent shaped parts, the suitable selection of Z-die bending type in the Z-die bending process is very important.

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