In this paper, an inverse method is presented to evaluate the inner workpiece temperature distribution during cryogenic turning of metastable austenitic steel AISI 347 utilizing a FE representation of the process. Temperature data during the experiments are provided by thermocouples and a commercial thermography system. A constant cutting speed at two varying feeds is investigated. Inverse parameter verification by aligning simulated and experimental data in a least squares sense is achieved. A heat flux from tool to workpiece as well as heat transfer coefficients for forced convection by air and by carbon dioxide as cryogenic coolant are identified for each set of cutting parameters. Rigid body rotation in the model is considered applying convective time derivatives of the temperature field. Unphysical oscillations occurring in regions of high Péclet numbers are suppressed utilizing a streamline-upwind/Petrov–Galerkin scheme.

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